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Last updated: 16.03.2010, 02:00


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Taking Inter-Disciplinary Action

Ever thought of what paper is? According to the Encyclopaedia Britannica 2005 (Ultimate Reference Suite DVD), paper is 'the basic material used for written communication and the dissemination of information'. However, could paper also be defined as a practical end product resulting from an inter-disciplinary combination of disciplinary solutions? Why? Consider the manufacture of paper.

Paper today comes mostly from trees. To make paper from trees, wood is turned into pulp, the raw material for paper manufacture. Technically speaking, making paper is the process of applying in a particular order a certain number of man-made tools to a raw material.

First, the bark of the tree log is stripped off in a bark-removing drum. Next, the wood goes into a grinder or a cooker to produce wood pulp, a substance consisting of millions of tiny vegetable fibres. Then, impurities and chemicals in the wood pulp are cleaned out in a washer. Next, the pulp is beaten and mixed with water in a beater to fray the fibres and help them mat together. Then, the fibres go into a Jordan refiner, where they are trimmed evenly.

Finally, the pulp ends up in the paper-making machine. Here, water drains out of the pulp through a screen, which vibrates to make the fibres interlock and mat together. The wet mat then passes under a roller that presses it down into a smoother sheet. The sheet goes through a series of pressing rolls, which squeeze out water and make the paper dense and smooth. Then, it travels through driers, a series of heated drums. At this time a coating can be applied to make the paper smooth and shiny. Paper comes off paper-making machines in large rolls, is trimmed to take off the rough edges and cut to the desired width.

Clearly, paper manufacture is an example of science at work. Various academic and scientific disciplines have left their mark, contributing specialist knowledge to a process creating a product of general practical value: engineering (e.g. bark-removing drum, grinder, etc.), biology (e.g. vegetable fibres, etc.), chemistry (e.g. grinding, cooking, etc.), economics, politics (e.g. paper from trees, etc.), to name but some of the most obvious ones. In this sense, paper manufacture is a practical example of inter-disciplinary co-operation producing an inter-disciplinary outcome.

But perhaps paper is more. Perhaps paper is also a success story. Why? Because inter-disciplinary co-operation cannot be taken for granted. Indeed, more often than not, inter-disciplinary co-operation is the exception. Surprisingly so? Reading the academic curriculum vitae below, one might reach the conclusion: 'Butterfly mind.' But what if this curriculum vitae stems from the realisation that no one discipline has all the answers? What if this curriculum vitae is an attempt to answer a real call. The call for increased inter-disciplinary bridge-building to create inter-disciplinary or inter-professional solutions of mutual benefit. To help produce more success stories like paper … What if?

Academic Curriculum Vitae



PhD Research Scholar, International Relations



Graduate Certificate in Internationalisation of Technology



Graduate Certificate in Technology Management and Transfer



Graduate Certificate in Environmental Clean-Up Tools



Graduate Certificate in Environmental Impact Assessment



Graduate Certificate in Environmental Auditing



Graduate Certificate in Environmental Management Systems



Joint Graduate Certificate in International Management and Economics



Master in European Studies



Graduate Diploma in International Relations







11. PhD Research Scholar, International Relations




Postgraduate state university studies by coursework and research in Australia.

Study field

International political, economic, and management relations with special attention paid to preventative diplomacy and management of international environment regimes.

Study focus

Dynamic partnership strategies in international multi-stakeholder co-operation.


10. Graduate Certificate in Internationalisation of Technology




Postgraduate state university studies by coursework and research in Australia.

Study field

Internationalisation of technology transfer and commercialisation.

Study focus

Global competition and national and international economic support structures to foster innovation and economic development in technology transfer.


International trade structures and support for international technology transfer.


Business structures for the export and import of new technologies or intellectual property (IP).


Country and company policies and processes and financing issues in international technology transfer.


International corporate technology partnering and marketing best practices.


Globalisation, the internet and strategic competition.


09. Graduate Certificate in Technology Management and Transfer




Postgraduate state university studies by coursework and research in Australia.

Study field

Commercialisation of technology, knowledge, and innovation.


Transfer of technology, knowledge, and innovation between entities, such as companies (i.e. small entrepreneurial ventures, start-ups, large established companies), government institutions or non-profit organisations.


Facilitating factors and barriers to collaborative relationships in the transfer of technology, knowledge, and innovation.

Study focus

Formulating, evaluating, and implementing knowledge or technology transfer and adoption process.


Documenting and critically evaluating national and global environments and their impact on knowledge or technology transfer processes.


Understanding and assessing the role of technology transfer structures to facilitate and accelerate knowledge or technology transfer.


Understanding and developing models of knowledge or technology management and transfer processes.


08. Graduate Certificate in Environmental Clean-Up Tools




Postgraduate state university studies by coursework and research in Australia.

Study field

Implementation of environmental protection and planning legislation and regulation.


Management of industrial development and the related pollution of air, soil and water.


High tech solutions to the degradation of environmental quality.

Study focus

Cleaner Production; Life-Cycle Assessment; Waste reduction; Resource recycling and reuse; Energy efficiency and conservation; Environmental Technology Assessment (EnvTA); Air quality management; Remediation of site contamination; Integrated water catchment management; Air, soil, and water quality monitoring.


07. Graduate Certificate in Environmental Impact Assessment




Postgraduate state university studies by coursework and research in Australia.

Study field

International development of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA).


Methods and practice of project EIA in the Asia-Pacific region.


Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA).

Study focus

Environmental impact identification in industrial, marine, urban, mining, and rural EIA projects.


Screening, scoping, and prediction in EIA.


Initiating, preparing, and managing an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS).


ADB/World Bank Environmental Assessment (EA) guidelines and cases.


06. Graduate Certificate in Environmental Auditing




Postgraduate state university studies by coursework and research in Australia.

Study field

ISO 14010, ISO 14011.

Study focus

Objectives, criteria, and protocol of environmental auditing.


Roles, responsibilities, and activities of environmental auditors and auditees.


Initiating, preparing, and conducting an environmental audit.


Identifying environmental aspects and impacts.


On-site observation and interview techniques.


05. Graduate Certificate in Environmental Management Systems




Postgraduate state university studies by coursework and research in Australia.

Study field

ISO 14001, ISO 14004, ISO 14031; EMAS.

Study focus

Environmental policy; Planning of an Environmental System (EMS); Implementation and operation of an EMS; Checking and corrective action in the EMS procedure; EMS review; Environmental risk assessment; Environmental performance evaluation; Environmental continuous improvement.


04. Joint Graduate Certificate in International Management and Economics



Postgraduate state university studies by coursework and research at state universities in Belgium, Germany, and the Netherlands.

Study field

International Business Management, International Economics.

Study foci

Global Economic Relations, Theory and Practice of External Economic Relations, Economy and Finance of Europe, International Management, Strategic Management, Human Resources Management, Innovation Management.


03. Master in European Studies




Postgraduate state university studies by coursework and research in Germany.

Study field

European (internal and external) Co-operation and Integration.

Study foci

European Politics, European Economy, European Law, European History, European cultural structures, European social structures, European modern languages.


02. Graduate Diploma in International Relations




Postgraduate state university studies by coursework and research in the United Kingdom.

Study field

International (political and economic) Relations with special attention paid to (state and economic) Diplomacy.

Study foci

Law and Practice of Diplomacy, International Relations of Europe, Ethics and International Relations, International Political Economy.


01. Bachelor-of-Arts




Dual-honours state university studies by coursework and research in the United Kingdom.

Principal subjects

French, German, and Russian.

Subsidiary subject


Study foci (principals)

Language, literature, politics, economy.

Study foci (subsidiary)

Man, plants and animals in structure and life and in relation with each other and with the environment.






Office Adelaide SA

University of Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Web Publishing

Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.


Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.



Latest website publications

South Australian German Association

Realisation: 2005-11-01,
Shutdown: 2009-11-01

Editor, Translator, Photographer.

Adelaide Schützenfest

Realisation: 2006-11-01,
Shutdown: 2009-11-01

Editor, Photographer.

Mobile Publishing

Realisation: 1997-06-01,
Latest Relaunch: 2009-06-01

Editor, Photographer.


Click to go to website

Tivoli Ice Rink and Squash Courts Aachen

Realisation: 2001-05-01,
Relaunch: 2003-08-01
Shutdown: 2008-05-01

Editor, Photographer.

DiscOlaf —
Since 1984: Parties, Celebrations, Festivities.

Realisation: 1997-08-01,
Latest Relaunch: 2002-12-16

Editor, Photographer.

Latest newspaper contributions

Krueger, OK 2010, 'Volles SAADV-Klub­haus beim Kostümball der „Adelai­der Jungs“. Dreimal „Helau“ für Prinz Tony I. und Prinzessin Cecilia I.', Die Woche in Australien, no. 8, 23 February 2010, p. 12.
Photos (print, online)

Krueger, OK 2010, '113. Adelaider Schüt­zen­fest trotzt Widrigkeiten. „Was heißt ‚Hallo’ auf Deutsch?“', Die Woche in Australien, no. 4, 26 January 2010, p. 12f.

Valentin, J; OK Krueger 2009, 'Kampfkandidatur im Deutschen Klub in Adelaide. SAADV mit neuem Vor­stand',
Die Woche in Australien, no. 43, 20 October 2009, p. 11.

Latest book publication

Krueger, OK 2001, 'The Tivoli Ice Rink and Squash Courts Aachen, On a Walk round a Place of Sports, Leisure and Communication. Aachen, Klinkenberg. (100 p. ISBN 3-934318-25-8.)

Written in Ger­man. Trans­la­tion into English and French of the author's prologue and of the prefaces of various im­por­tant local and national figures of German pub­lic life, amongst others, the Ger­man Federal Min­is­ter for Health, Mrs. Ulla Schmidt.


Book publication 2001

Book presentation with the Lord Mayor of Aachen, Dr. Jürgen Linden, in Aachen Town Hall on 22 March 2002.

Latest journal publication


Journal for Plu­ri­dis­ci­pli­na­ry Questions about Europe, No. XII 1999—I 2000 (Millennium-Edition).

Responsible Editor, Translations, Cover Concept and Design, General Layout and Design.


Download: MESsages XII 1999-I 2000 (PDF: 2 MB)

Latest excursions

Liège, Bruxelles, Belgium, Maastricht, the Netherlands, Paris, France.

November/December 2003

Aachen, Berlin, Munich, Germany.

November 2003.

London, England, United Kingdom.

February 2002.


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Tanunda, South Australia, Australia.

April 2003.

Victor Harbor, South Australia, Australia.

February 2003.

Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

July 2002.

New York, New York, U.S.A.

February 2001.


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Singapore, Singapore.

October 2003, January 2004.

Hong Kong, China.

January 2003.


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Moscow, St. Petersburg, Russia.

July/August 1992.


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Last updated: 16.03.2010, 02:00